Difference between revisions of "In reading time in the principal clause's final participial verb."
(In reading time in the principal clause's final participial verb.)
Latest revision as of 22:15, 23 May 2020
"The classmate who hid the football in the son..." d. Der Mitsch er, der zur Ahndung dem Sohn den Fu all versteckt hat, ...the classmate, who.NOM as payback the.DAT son the football hidden has, ... "The classmate who hid the football from the son as payback..."Here, the clause that consists of the dative or the adjunct NP is a topic relative clause that modifies the head noun Mitsch er; the crucial area is the verbal complex inside the relative clause, versteckt hat.In reading time in the principal clause's final participial verb. This outcome, which was observed in first-pass, total, and second pass time, supports the expectation hypothesis: the presence of added preverbal material makes it attainable to generate expectations about the verb, which is then simpler to procedure. The expectation hypothesis is illustrated by Figure 1 (left panel); the outcomes for total time depicted in Figure 3 show the same pattern (though much less pronounced, as we discovered a important prediction benefit for dative, but not for adjunct phrases). This outcome broadly confirms the findings of Konieczny D ing (2003), despite the fact that their study differed from ours inside a number of ways: they identified an impact in regression path duration (the only measure they report), and their experiment compared the presence of a dative NP together with the presence of a genitive NP inside the most important clause (see (1)), even though our study contrasted the presence in the dative NPs with its absence. In contrast to the results of Konieczny (2000), our outcomes cannot be attributed for the variety of words inside the sentence preceding the essential region--which were the identical across conditions--or even towards the number of words inside the very same clause preceding the critical area, because the dative and adjunct phrases were from the very same length but only introduction of your dative phrase facilitated critical-region reading. This experiment hence offers help for the expectation hypothesis and no evidence for the locality hypothesis. Nevertheless, it is actually achievable that our manipulation of memory load may perhaps nonetheless not happen to be sufficient to induce appreciable memory-retrieval-based processing difficulty in the final verb, in particular taking into consideration the ubiquity of verb-final structures in German. Therefore our second experiment introduces an additional aspect that could be expected to add to memory load and retrieval difficulty: relativization.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript11The results for the other measures are consistent using the final results for total time. For initially fixation, initial pass, and second pass, we find that adding plausibility doesn't increase model match. J Mem Lang. Author manuscript; accessible in PMC 2014 February 18.Levy and KellerPageExperimentIn Experiment 2, we enhanced integration cost further by embedding the key clause from the stimuli made use of in Experiment 1 into a relative clause. This can be illustrated with the following simplified set of materials: (6)a. Der Mitsch er, der den Fu all versteckt hat, ... the classmate, who.NOM the football hidden has, ... "The classmate who hid the football..." b. Der Mitsch er, der zur Ahndung den Fu all versteckt hat, ...NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscriptthe classmate, who.NOM as payback the football hidden has, ...